THE FUNCTIONS OF ANTONYMS IN THE BRANDON SANDERSON’S NOVEL “THE EMPEROR’S SOUL”  

Revutska Valentyna

Kamianets-Podilsky Ivan Ohienko National University
Scientific Supervisor: senior lecturer, Matkovska M. V.

THE FUNCTIONS OF ANTONYMS IN THE BRANDON SANDERSON’S NOVEL “THE EMPEROR’S SOUL”  

This article deals with the analysis of the functions of antonyms at the novel “The Emperor’s Soul” by B. Sanderson. The different aspects of English antonyms were considered at the research works of many scientists. It means, that this topic has a great circulation amongst the scientists.

Keywords: antonym, opposition, analysis, novel, definition.

At the present stage there is no generally accepted definition of antonyms in linguistics. Murphy [3] goes so far as to say that antonymy is “arguably the archetypical lexical semantic relation”. According to Jones S. at al. [4, p. 41], antonymy is treated as a relation between construals, and involves the structuring of content domains by means of one of a limited repertory of image schemas. The Cambridge dictionary gives us the next definition of the word “antonym” (which is generally accepted amongst people) – “antonym – is a word which means the opposite of another word” [1].

So, in this article, we will analyze the function of the opposition of antonyms, used at the novel “The Emperor’s Soul” by B. Sanderson [2]. Why? Gaotona thought again. Why would someone capable of this artistry, this majesty, turn to forgery? Why not create original paintings? [2]. The example demonstrates the using of the pair of antonyms forgery – original. According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word forgery means: an illegal copy of a document, painting, etc., or the crime of making such copies; the crime of illegally copying something in order to deceive someone.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word original means:

So, the words forgery – original are opposite by their function in the text of the novel. They contradistinguish two opposite concepts: copy – not a copy.

Quiet Forgery of objects was allowed, even exploited, in the empire so long as the Forger was carefully controlled. If someone were to turn over one of those urns and remove the stamp on the bottom, the piece would become simple unornamented pottery. [2]

At the example, we can see the using of the next antonyms: urns (piece) – become simple unornamented pottery. 

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word urn means:

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word pottery means:

So, the pair urns (piece) – become simple unornamented pottery was used to demonstrate the opposition between the original thing and the forgery. The forgery presented as urn, an ancient masterpiece, and the original thing is just a bowl, pottery, made from baked clay.

 “The problem with ralkalest,” Shai said, “is that it’s not a very strong metal. Oh, the grate at the top of my cell was solid enough, and I couldn’t have gotten through that. But a thin plate? [2]

At the example, there is a using of the line of antonyms: not a very strong – solid enough – thin.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word not a very strong   means:

  • Someone who is not a very strong is healthy with good muscles and can move or carry heavy things, or do hard physical work;
  • Someone who is strong not a very is confident and determined, and is not easily influenced or worried by other people;
  • not very strong objects or materials are not easily broken and can support a lot of weight or resist a lot of strain.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word solid enough means:

  • You use solid to describe something such as advice or a piece of work which is useful and reliable.
  • You use solid to describe something such as the basis for a policy or support for an organization when it is strong, because it has been developed carefully and slowly.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word thin:

  • Something weak and small.

So, according to the meaning, there is an opposition of the antonyms: strong – not very strong – weak. This is used with the aim to opposite the power of the Forger with the weakness of the building of the prison.

“I value truth, young woman. Not Forgery.” He regarded her with the expression of a disappointed grandfather.  [2]

At the example, the opposition truth – Forgery was used.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word truth means:

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word forgery means:

Thus, there is a using of the antonyms at the functions of opposition of real and forgery.

What great works could you create if you focused on industry and beauty instead of wealth and deception?” [2]

The examples demonstrate the using the pairs industry and beauty wealth and deception.

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word industry means:

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word beauty means:

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word wealth means:

According to the Cambridge Dictionary [1], the word deception means:

The word wealth is used at the context “misbegot gains”, so, it is used as the opposition to the word industry, which meaning we have considered above. These pairs are used to highlight the opposition of real life and possibilities of the hero.

Thus, we can see that there is a great number of the antonym`s pairs, which were used to denote the opposite function. At the context, the opposite function was used:

  • to demonstrate the resistance with the heroes;
  • to demonstrate the opposition of attitudes;
  • to demonstrate the opposition of behaviors;
  • to demonstrate the opposition of origin of the objects;
  • to demonstrate the opposition of the present situation and future opportunities;
  • to demonstrate the opposition of the bad side of the heroes` lives and the opportunities to change situation.

References

  1. Cambridge Dictionary. URL: https://dictionary.cambridge.org
  2. Sanderson B. The emperor’s soul. URL: https://novels77.com/the-emperors-soul/page-1-1012894.html
  3. Murphy G. L., Mary E. L. Hierarchical structure in concepts and the basic level of categorization. Knowledge, concepts and categories, ed. Koen Lamberts and David Shanks, 1992. P. 93-132.
  4. Jones S., Murphy L.C., Paradis C., Willners C. Antonyms in English: Construals, Constructions and Canonicity. Cambridge University Press, 2012. 403 p,

 

 

3 thoughts on “THE FUNCTIONS OF ANTONYMS IN THE BRANDON SANDERSON’S NOVEL “THE EMPEROR’S SOUL”  

  1. I hear for the first time about the BRANDON SANDERSON’S novel “THE EMPEROR’S SOUL”.And I saw in this work a lot of examples of using antonyms .And now I know ,that this novel is builded up with the help of antonyms.Thank you )

    1. I’m very pleased that thanks to my article you have heard about Brandon Sanderson’s novel “THE EMPEROR’S SOUL”. Hope that you familiarise yourself with it as soon as possible).

  2. Цікавий матеріал, чітка побудова. В статті зазначаються певні антонімічні ряди і вказане їх значення в Кембриджському с ловнику, що дозволяє чітко зрозуміти їх значення.

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